The Role NGOs Plays In Uplifting The Lives Of PWD

In India, as per the recent census, almost 2.2% of the population suffers from some degree of disability. Work disability is an umbrella term, it encompasses people with different degrees of Person With Disability (PWD). From intellectual disability to physical disability. The lives led by a PWD are much different from “normal” life. It is not always because they are different. Sometimes their life becomes more difficult because of a lack of support, empathy and infrastructural changes. Here, comes the role of various NGOs and organization that works toward uplifting the lives of people with physical or mental disability. But how? How do non-governmental organizations enhance the life of people with a physical disabilities? Let’s look here!

Building A Community:

As Aristotle has said, humans are social animals. Every human-like to be included, be part of a community. It feels good to be surrounded by people who make you feel safe. But for PWD finding a community, where they feel included is difficult. A non-governmental organization helps to foster a safe for community people with physical and mental disabilities.

Providing Support:

Even though people with physical and mental disabilities are supported by their family and friends, it can be difficult for them to navigate life. To help navigate through life and the daily challenges it proposes guidance is required. A non-governmental organization for physical and mental disability guides PWD to overcome challenges and assimilate into society without looking for help.

Help Developing Life Skills:

One of the biggest contributions a non-governmental organization for physical and mental disability makes in the life of PWD is teaching and training them life skills. After a certain age, every human must be financially independent. This is equally true for PWD. To garner respect and command in society, financial independence play a huge part in everyone’s life. To earn a living it is important to learn some life skills. NGOs play a part in PWDs’ life to help them learn and inculcate some important life skills.

Help To Seek Opportunity:

It can be difficult for PWD to find a good opportunity for themselves. NGOs can help PWD to seek an opportunity that can justify their skillset.

Act As Interest Group:

A non-governmental organization for physical and mental disability can also act as an interest group. The interest groups can push the government to take more proactive steps to enhance the lives of PWD. Be it in form of policy change or funds.

These are some of the ways through which a non-governmental organization for physical and mental disability help to enhance the lives of PWDs. Thereby, as a society important for us to support these NGOs.

How Do the NGO Executives Support the Persons With Disabilities?

Disabled humans have unique needs, and because they’re looked after mainly so they may be exposed to the herbal environment. The NGO executives running for them to lead them to sense one with the society, for you to recognize they have got cost of their present life. Being volunteers, they decided to offer their expertise and time to humans with disabilities so they to understand and comprehend their dreams, and for this reason, voice their opinions.

Here we have highlighted the tips the executives of the Indian Organization for Persons with Disabilities, observe to monitor their wishes to assist them better.

Clear Communication with the People Laid low with Disabilities
Aside from asking them questions, the volunteers first talk to them after which provide them with the threat to inform them of their viewpoints and unique needs. Polite verbal exchange is the way to win over – humans with disabilities get the chance to speak to a person fascinated to help them. So, the volunteers introduce themselves and give an explanation of them how would they connect to human beings. Based on their unique desires, the volunteers may bodily assist them with their moves so they’re cozy to introduce themselves.

Good Observance
A few humans having unique wishes might not be capable of verbalising discomforts, and will perceive sensory inputs otherwise. On account that their behaviour is their communication, so the volunteers test their variations and make aware of how their behaviour is creating a communication.

Via Implying Trendy Information

At least, the people with disabilities turn out to be impulsive and emotional, the volunteers first make sure the general surroundings are secure, this is to say bodily blanketed and emotionally comfy.

So, the volunteers provide high-quality help to help them build up confidence. Moreover, the humans with disabilities are accumulated at a common vacation spot so they could percentage know-how amongst every other.

Maintaining Flexibility

The reason in the back of accommodating the humans with disabilities in a collection is to make sure they are gaining knowledge to master new abilities collectively and apprehend every difference. In case, a person is not able to display his/her abilities at a selected pastime being taught to them, then they are monitored after which taught any other activity wherein they can show their expertise and are not into tension. The volunteers make certain the humans with disabilities are having clear ideas approximately the activities they’re involved in.

Consistency

After imparting the rules to the group, the volunteers constantly practice the guidelines for everyone. So, for the matte, they check that human beings aren’t having any conduct problems, and if there are, then the humans are first trained to be greater attentive and patient. If wanted, the volunteers should even deliver them time for personal conversations, to solve the whole thing together so that consistency is maintained.

The Usage Of Auditory, Visual And Tactile Cues

By using retaining the right cues in the surroundings, they allocate the different performers for the same activity. Because they’ve special wishes, the volunteers make certain how tons they may be befitting for the function. To help them further, the volunteers even use index cards written in simplified language to better don’t forget the regulations to preserve appropriate behaviour.

  • If wished, for the children with disabilities, the volunteers may sing the commands, so they’re attentive and quiet.
  • Different varieties of auditory cues are snapping, clapping, or reciting – to which people with disabilities are capable of better responding.
  • Alternatively, the tactile cues include touching the individual’s shoulders lightly to expose their support and appreciation, offering the requirements, and making them share positive essentials to promote unity.

Having A Plan in Addition to A Back-Up Plan

An activity or a goal can be achieved simplest with plans – the primary plan, and the backup plans for support in case there are any flaws or breaches. That is why; the volunteers can create an area without spending a dime on motion and keep the day from faring badly. So, they cope with test how plenty the participants are capable of contributing.

Being Positive

A fine mindset is a vital high-quality the volunteers have at the same time as working with children having special wishes. Their high-quality attitudes are highlighted in their interactions. Likewise, they can understand human beings intently and for this reason, interact with them, especially in sports.

A person is probably born with disabilities, however, there is no compulsion that them to just accept it for their entire life and stay underneath pity. As the Indian employer volunteers encourage them that disabilities are special abilities, they’re able to reap their goals with proper schooling and encouragement.

How NGOs Play a Crucial Role In The Upliftment Of People With Disability

It is estimated that around 2.2 percent of the Indian population consists of people with disabilities. This may appear to be a tiny number, but when you consider the vast size of the Indian population, approximately 28 million individuals suffer some form of mental or physical impairment. Children with disabilities from affluent backgrounds can have access to technical and bio-mechanical assistance to enjoy a somewhat normal life. Children with disabilities from less privileged backgrounds are forced to fight an uphill battle in life. Although the government provides some infrastructure assistance to disabled children. However, a sizable number of disabled children are left out of this assistance. Here, the NGOs in India, play a crucial role in uplifting the quality of life of children with disabilities. Let’s see how:

Imparting Education:

While government-aided schools and education centres are available for children with disability. However, these educational institutions are far and few between. As a result, many children with impairments are unaffected by the introduction of such a school. Despite this, all children have the legal right to attend any school. However, not all schools are equipped to deal with youngsters on the disability spectrum. As certain disabled children require specific teachers, curriculum, and resources to absorb the education that is being imparted. These schools cannot take such aggressive steps to offer education to all. Here, NGOs in India intervene by establishing specialised schools for children with disabilities appropriately imparting education among youngsters.

Community Rehabilitation Programs:

People with disability are often sidelined by society at large. They are mostly overlooked by various governmental policies and social welfare schemes. Here, the NGOs in India through their successful community rehabilitation programs tries to provide equalizing opportunity, primary health care, and physical therapy and rehabilitate people with disability into society.

Skill Development:

Skill development is an important aspect of schooling. While education is vital for a child’s cognitive ability to develop into an adult. It is the development of skill that allows everyone to make a livelihood. People with disabilities in India are living with dignity and respect because they have learned certain skills that allow them to make a living. NGOs in India assist persons with disabilities in developing skills that will enable them to earn a living in the future.

Providing Them With A Safe Space:

One of the most important contributions of NGOs in India is to give space to disabled children. Everyone wants to belong somewhere, to feel accepted and protected. The absence of such a location might have a psychological impact on a person. The same is true for children with disabilities; they are ostracised by their peers, family, and society at large from an early age. Their whole identity has been reduced to their impairment. This can have an impact on a person’s mental health and confidence level. An NGO may assist boost an individual’s morale and confidence by providing them with a secure place where they can feel wanted and protected.

NGOs in India contribute greatly to improving the quality of life of children with disabilities in these and other ways. This far-reaching influence may be amplified if society as a whole supports NGOs.

The Importance of Home For Children With Disability in India

A person’s impairment, whether good or bad, can have a significant impact on his or her life. However, conquering obstacles and growing confidence is essential. It is our ultimate responsibility as a society to provide persons with disabilities with the life they deserve. We are all unique, yet we are also quite similar.

A person with a disability from a young age suffers through a lot of challenges that if not properly addressed can have a long-lasting impact on their lives. Be it alienation, lack of proper education to enable them to concur challenges or proper guidance. When a person with a disability gets the right guidance at a young age it can change their life for the better. Thus, homes for children with disabilities in India are essential for these children’s proper growth. Let’s look at some of the most important reasons behind the set up of homes for children with disability:

Alienation:

One of the most unfortunate problem children with disability often suffers from is the problem of alienation. Humans are social animals, thus, having human connection, friends and support are essential for a child’s growth. However, these children with disability lack such support from their peers. This leads to the growth of a sense of alienation among children with disability. Thus, in a home for children with disability, they can feel a sense of belongingness, and find people they can connect with. It helps to boost their confidence and grow holistically as human beings.

Education:

Primary education of children until the age of 14 years is mandatory in India. However, children with disabilities often are not given the same opportunity with physical or mental challenges. Govt. educational institutions that cater to the need of children with mental or physical challenges are quite limited to selective areas. The private educational institutions and tutors are quite expensive for a family with medium to low income group to afford. This gargantuan gap is often bridged by the specialised homes in India for children with disability by NGOs. Where these children can get education in specialised scripts and through other means.

Guidance:

Apart from traditional education, for the smooth integration of these kids with special needs in society, they need extra guidance. Children with disabilities like ADHD, down syndrome, autistic or other sensory limitations need extra guidance to grasp the nitty-gritty of societally acceptable behaviour and other behavioural therapy. This can be easily imparted in homes for children with disability unlike in other educational institutions in India.

Development:

For the complete cognitive development of children, alone traditional education and guidance are not enough. Skill development is also essential for their complete development. Through the development of skills, in future, these children with disability can figure a source of livelihood. Financial independence is essential to any human being’s complete freedom. To attain this goal of making children with disabilities grow up to be empowered and contributing members of society, skill development and vocational training are essential. Here, homes for children with disabilities play a crucial role in India.

This is why a sufficient number of home that caters to the need of children with disabilities is essential in India. Through such homes, more and more people with disability can lead a “normal” life with confidence. There are millions of children with disability who lives a lesser life than what they deserve because of a lack of resource. This gap can only be bridged by the establishment of specialized homes.

Community-Based Rehabilitation Programme For Underprivileged Groups

Community-based rehabilitation, as advocated by WHO, primarily focuses on enhancing the quality of life for disabled individuals through the use of the collaborative efforts of people with disabilities, agencies, and their families. Communities, relevant non-government and government education, health, social, vocational, and other services are among the other elements. Community Based Rehabilitation in India has now grown into a multi-sectoral approach that enables people with disabilities to benefit from and get access to social services, health care, and jobs.

What is Community Based Rehabilitation?

The objective of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) is to assist persons with disabilities by providing community-based medical integration, opportunity equalisation, and Physical therapy (Physiotherapy) rehabilitation programmes for the disabled. As programme leadership is not confined to specialists in healthcare, education, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, vocational, or social services, CBR programmes may be made available in remote regions with minimal infrastructure. CBR programmes, on the other hand, engage persons with disabilities, their families and communities, as well as relevant specialists. Some are working on their projects.

The positives of Community Based Rehabilitation:

The pros of using the Community Based Rehabilitation model in India are as follow:

  • Economical
  • Quality is prioritised above quantity
  • Based at home
  • Uses existing community resources and reactions
  • Various techniques tailored to the needs of the community

The Limitation of Community Based Rehabilitation in India:

Along with the positives, the limitations come hand in hand. When looking at the positives it is crucial to analyse the negatives of any model for a complete assessment.

  • Insufficient resources
  • Caregivers’ bad health
  • Lack of training and education
  • Lack of Funding

The impact of Community Based Rehabilitation in India:

The community-based rehabilitation program’s unique approach to addressing the well-being of people with disability has left an impact on many lives. The penetration of infrastructural facility to cater to the needs of people with disability have been limited even with the support provided by the government. Thus, the inventive approach of community-based rehabilitation benefits the rural Indians with disability in the longer run.

For people with disability community-based rehabilitation in India has been a saving grace for alleviating their quality of life. Despite the shortcomings of the programmes, the positives wildly outweigh the disadvantages. Thus, changing the quality of life of people with disability and their families in rural India.

Challenges of imparting education in Rural India

It is estimated that 70% population of India lives in villages. In contrast, the penetration of quality education is still not enough in rural India and is negligible when compared to the urban counterpart. This divide in education further adds to the problem of India’s development as a whole. In the year 2009, the Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 was introduced and later added to the list of Fundamental Rights under the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act. Thus, it has been 11+ years since it has been first introduced. Let’s take a look at the quality of rural education in India that has been imparted.

Formal primary education:

In a wide data collection drive, it has been revealed that yet 76.92 Indian villages have primary schools. The data for availability of middle schools i.e. from grade 6 to 8, is only 39.5 in rural India. Whereas, the availability of secondary (grade 9-10) and senior secondary schools (grade 11-12) are only 18.4 and 11.13 respectively in rural India. 

This draws a picture of the face of rural education in India. Imparting formal education in the rural areas of India has faced a further challenge in the years of the pandemic when the online medium became a primary source to impart education.

But due to the prevalent digital divide, this impartment of formal education took a back seat. As per an international organisation’s report for the year 2021, only 24% of Indian household has access to online education. Thus, it can highlight the grim face of rural education in India.

Vocational Education:

Vocational education is another innovative approach to empowering the youth of India with non-academic training. As per a statistical report, only 3.72% of Vocational Educational Centre’s are operational in rural India. This further sets back the alternative method of educating rural dwellers. Thus, the lack of quality educational infrastructure has slowed down rural education in India. 

NGOs trying to bridge the gap:

NGOs are overwhelmingly working in the rural areas to accelerate the rate at which education is imparted in rural India. Setting up make-shift schools to not just impart education to a limited age group but everyone who lacks basic literacy. Leaping further, NGOs are also educating rural India against social evils and myths that are prevalent in rural India due to a lack of scientific knowledge. However, NGOs have their limitation due to the paucity of funds.

One may look at the number and paint a grim picture and walk away. But walking away is no solution. Let’s not forget the number of inspirational CEOs, bureaucrats and laureates who have come from a humble backgrounds. There is more such countless aspirational youth of India in rural areas who are waiting for an opportunity to grab by both hands. Governmental and Non-Governmental organisations are working tirelessly to help impart education and change the face of rural education in India. But alone these organisations can’t do it all without an outstretch of aid from the society at large.

How Are the Children With Special Needs Taught At the NGO-Set Up Homes?

Teaching the children with special needs is a patient process wherein the teacher has to be careful of the students’ learning process – how are their memories working and how well are they practising while learning. Since memory is a complex process focusing on multiple actions at a time, so the sensory inputs from the surrounding environment through sound, sight, taste, touch and smell work in stimulating the memory receptors in the brain. Receiving the sensory input, the brain works at filtering out the unnecessary factors before transferring the remaining into the short-term memory. After that, filtration takes place before long-term memory is committed.

At the NGO administered homes for children with disabilities in India, the appointed teachers have to follow three specific practical strategies to teach the children having special needs.

I. Teaching Through Verbal Instructions

Focusing on one step at a time, the teachers explain in detail to make the children get the task done.

II. Demonstrative Teaching

Teachers devise ways to show the children how should a particular task be completed. They explain their own activities so the children can get the same task done by looking and learning from them.

III. Step by Step Lessons

Each step is performed one step at a time with the children and in this way, the whole task is completed. The key to bypassing the filtration and retaining the memory is repetition. Repetition is a skill-based on a set of techniques. Now when the teachers have to teach life skills to the children, then they follow the below-mentioned techniques –

First Step – Task Analysis

Each task is made of different components. For instance, when the child has to teach how should he/she wash hands, then the demonstrative beginning is how should the faucet be turned on. They are further taught the differences between cold and hot sides. The next step is, they are shown how to place their hands under the running water, how should they get and use soaps, after use how should they replace the soap bar in the dish, how should they rinse the soap from their hands, how to turn the faucet off and ultimately how to dry hands using a towel.

Second Step – Creating A Visual Guide

To accomplish the instructed skill, the teachers make efforts to put a visual display together with related to the task’s steps. Through the steps images, what the children have learned can be enforced.

Third Step – Prompting and Fading

Prompting indicates hand to hand help to complete a task. Based on the child’s capability, the teachers might have to prompt a number of times. Both physical and verbal prompts are taken up when they are teaching a skill. Next, by fading the physical assistance, the teachers use verbal reminders are used for the steps, till they do not have to prompt anymore.

Some children might have disabilities and special needs, but they are not incapable. They have their own talents and merits to take up a task, provided they know the process. Now, the task could be anything, whether in education or life-skill lessons. Along with academics, the teachers even take up teaching various other skills to ready the children for their daily lives.

6 Ways How the NGO Members Support the Persons With Disabilities

Disabilities are not in-capabilities by any means. Persons with disabilities have special abilities which makes them different from others. Several human beings with disabilities have proved their worth and become vibrant idols to all others. Despite these bright instances, there are still a lot of hindrances keeping people from realizing their dreams and working to achieve them, especially in the rural regions in India. But the story is now changing, owing to the efforts being taken up by Indian Organizations to benefit persons with disabilities.

Here is how the NGO staffs work for creating a more inclusive society for persons with disabilities.

1. Making Them Follow After Asking Them About Their Goals

All the assigned members belonging to Indian Organizations for persons with disabilities, have to fulfill the prime requirement, that is where exactly do the persons with special needs need help. There is no need to assume they will need help. So, they ask them what do they need for making the process better and more effective or easier. They will know their needs better and will have their options for meeting them. Talking to them, they bring up specific instructions on how can they help them.

2. Listening Well, Speaking to Them Clearly

A person might have a developmental disability or else any other cognitive issues – to communicate with them, the executives use clear sentences, solid concepts and simple words. To make them understand better, the NGO staffs reduce the speaking pace, prefer simple sentences over complex ones, and simplify their vocabulary of speech for matching to that of the persons with disabilities. They will be making their own decisions till the NGO staff are informed. If the person is having speech impairments, then they are allowed to complete their own sentences – neither do the NGO staffs talk for them nor do they interrupt.

3. Speaking to People Directly

For speaking to them directly, first, they make direct eye contact. If needed, they work as an interpreter to make it easy for deaf people. During communication, they focus their interaction with the user. For some time, they speak with the person in a wheelchair by sitting down, so the person with a disability need not look up and strain his/her neck. They ensure not leaning over the person in the wheelchair.

4. Being Aware of the Personal Space

Some persons with disabilities, use the mobility aids like a walker, wheelchair or canes – these are regarded as personal space. If they have to be moved around, then they are first confirmed. Safety is of extreme importance, so they ensure to keep the mobility aids in place.

5. Being Flexible With The Persons’ Family Members

The family members have to take care of the persons with disabilities while providing companionship. Thus, the family members know the needs better for the people with specialized needs. The NGO staffs communicate with the family members to understand each requirement of the people to make better arrangements for helping them.

6. Checking Accessibility When They Are Setting Meetings

Sometimes meetings on the welfare of people with disabilities are held, when the NGO staff send detailed instructions on venue accessibility after confirming the meeting place. To ensure the task is done well, they ask the attendees to ensure everyone’s active participation.

Persons with disabilities are the ones with special needs, and they need social recognition and inclusion. Often they are regarded as weak for they are dependent, but here is where the NGO members come in to make a difference. To help them shred their discrepancies, they communicate and bring up welfare programmes for the people with special needs can understand their capabilities and live up to their dreams.

How Do the NGO Executives Keep the Children with Disabilities Healthy?

The COVID19 pandemic did create global havoc and took a lot of toll on health. Among the sufferers, the ones who suffered both emotionally and physically are the children with disabilities. Thankfully, the NGO executives had come to the forefront and took steps to encourage and include children with special needs in different sports activities.

By using sports as the tool for catalyzing positive changes in their lives, the NGO executives have helped them keep up to good health. Several sports activities had been implemented at the homes for children with disabilities in India to make them be friendly with the rules and regulations of sports. The staff resorted to the three interconnected practices in their approach when the pandemic had been in its full rule –

1. Continuing to support the children with special needs through the remote sessions by acting as coaches to guide them at different physical activities. Each physical activity included exercises and sports to help them build up confidence, social facing and social mixing. To accomplish the social goals, they made it mandatory for the students to attend the sessions.

2. Providing accurate and vital health-related information so they might take effective steps for preventing the COVID19 symptoms. Serving as the coaches, they helped them with a routine for exercise and sports timings for them to be in practice, and never give up trying.

3. Supporting their co-staffs to set up the programmes keeping the children’s condition in mind, since they have special needs. Sports activities are a must for keeping both the body and mind healthy.

How Do the NGO Staffs Respond to Ensure the Children With Disabilities Are Always in Practice?

At the designated homes for the children with disabilities in India, the NGO staffs create comfortable soft spaces for the children so they feel protected from any kind of violent and tough context. In these soft spaces, the children can freely express themselves, keep themselves away from the social norms and set up communities. As much as possible, the children with special needs are encouraged to feel free at the outdoor spaces and gain confidence while participating at schools and community centres.

Exercises and sports are not just to retain good health, these also create a positive impact on the mental well being of children with disabilities. They need an engagement to train their minds and body to stay healthy and confident till everything is back to normal. Now, everything is gaining its lost pace, and the children are even being trained at the home centres. The more encouragement they get, the better is their performance – this is what the NGO staff ensure.

Education Budget 2022 & the gap between urban & rural education

According to the Economic Survey 2021-22, the COVID-19 epidemic has had a substantial influence on the Indian education system, with a decrease in the enrolment of rural students in the age bracket of 6-14 years in schools. The number of kids attending school in rural India has decreased dramatically, particularly among children aged 6 to 14.

Hiccups in the rural education system in India

The number of children in this nation who are not able to attend school is estimated to be over 100 million. Regrettably, the number is enormous. This alarming trend can be attributed to a number of factors. Here are some of the biggest problems plaguing rural education system in India.

Lack of local transportation:

When it comes to transportation, India’s rural districts and villages face significant challenges. This is a fundamental and serious issue that children and teachers in rural areas encounter. As a result, they are unable to attend lessons in a timely manner.

Lack of rural schools:

Another unfortunate fact is that the number of schools in rural regions is lower than in metro and metropolitan areas. The Indian rural education system has been disrupted due to a lack of schools and a lack of local transportation.

Inadequate infrastructure:

One of the most serious issues in rural education is a lack of infrastructure. Inadequate infrastructure results in a shortage of well-trained instructors and bad classroom conditions.

5 takeaways of rural education budget 2022:

1-class-1-TV channel programme:

A 200-channel One Class One TV programme is being proposed, in which all states will be able to give regional language supplementary education to students in grades 1 through 12.

Revamping the agricultural university syllabus: States will be urged to update agricultural university curricula. The curriculum will include natural farming, zero-budget farming, modern-day agriculture, and value-added management.

Digital university:

A digital university will be established to give access to world-class, ISTE-accredited education in a variety of Indian languages.

Realigning vocational training to industry requirements:

All skill-building programmes will be re-focused. There will be classes on cutting-edge themes like drones, drone monitoring, and so on.

Mental health programme:

The National Telemental Health Program was established to address the mental health needs of all residents.

According to data and studies, India’s urban and rural education is vastly different. The number of educational institutes in urban and metro areas is enormous. In addition, these institutions have enough infrastructure and teachers. Rural schools, however, lack access to high-quality education.