Both accessibility and ease of movement are necessary for the children having disabilities. However, they need more, as they need to use the bathroom and need to get in and out of bed. Children suffering from disabilities need to have a living space that fits their learning and creativity, space where they can pursue their interests and follow their dreams. So you need to build your home in such a way that it depends on the nature of your child’s disability. So, take help from the professionals. In India, you can find community-based rehabilitation centre those who work for disabled children, professionals there know how to deal with disabled children, they have the desired experience, so they can help you build a home for children with disabilities.
First of all, identify what is your need and your preference and your budget, depending on that hire a professional. You will need to have a readily accessible entrance and exit, apart from it require large hallways so that it can accommodate a walker or wheelchair. You will also require a bedroom or bathroom closets to be designed in such a way that closets can be entered and reached easily. Not only that, you will have to make modifications in the kitchen counters and the appliances, in the toilet sink and the bathtub.
Easy In And Out
A home with stairs that lead to the front door and back door requires an electric lift and handrails to enhance the accessibility. Make both the interior and the exterior doorways at least 36 inches wide so that it can accommodate a wheelchair. Now if you have a service dog, then you will have to make the entryways a bit wider. Also, do not forget to make the drawers and the cabinets easy to both get in and out.
Carpets and rugs make it difficult for disabled children to move around very easily. Tile floors or hardwood are the easiest ways to move across in a walker or wheelchair. Install tile floors as they reduce the likelihood of getting snagged or falling.
A manoeuvrable bathroom is best suited for children suffering from disabilities, and it can definitely boost the confidence and self-esteem of your child. Do not forget to widen the doorway, as most of the bathrooms that are made can be way too small to enter and move easily. Leave ample space for bathing, so that you can perform daily hygiene routines and the toilet very easily. Make sure you place the commodes at an accessible height so that your child can use the toilet easily, also that will reduce the risk of falling from a toilet.
A safe and utilitarian space will provide your child with the self-reliance that is required for him or her to grow into a successful and confident adult. In the end, self-enablement is the best gift that you can offer to your child.
Changing your life in accordance with a handicap can be a troublesome progress. There are numerous things you can do to enhance your autonomy, feeling of strengthening, and viewpoint. Regardless of your incapacity, it’s altogether conceivable to conquer the difficulties you confront and appreciate a full and satisfying life.
A vast majority of us hope to live healthy, long lives. So when you’re hit by incapacitating damage or disease, it can trigger a scope of disrupting feelings and fears. Be that as it may, while living with disability isn’t simple, it doesn’t need to be a disaster. It can be unimaginably hard to acknowledge your incapacity. In any case, declining to acknowledge the truth of your constraints keeps you stuck. It keeps you from pushing ahead, rolling out the improvements you have to make, and finding new goals.
Allow yourself the opportunity to grieve
Before you can acknowledge your handicap, you first need to lament. You’ve endured a noteworthy misfortune. Not only the loss of your unlimited, healthy body, but also likely the loss of a portion of your future plans. Try not to endeavour to overlook or smother your emotions. You’re probably going to experience an exciting ride of feelings—from outrage and misery to disbelief. This is consummately ordinary. You don’t need to put on an upbeat face.
Understanding your new reality
It’s beneficial to lament the life you’ve lost, yet it’s not beneficial to keep thinking back and longing for an arrival to your pre-incapacity “normal.” It may not appear like it now, but rather truly you can construct an upbeat, important life for yourself, regardless of whether you’d never be able to walk, hear, or see like you used to. Try not to sulk on what you can never again do. Learn about your handicap as much as possible.
Discover approaches to limit your the effect of your disability on your life
You have restrictions that make things more troublesome. Be that as it may, with responsibility, innovativeness, and a readiness to do things any other way, you can lessen the effect your inability has on your life. Be your own particular supporter. Exploit the things you can do. Set practical objectives, and have patience.
Take care of your health effectively
So as to feel your best, it’s vital to help and fortify your wellbeing with standard exercise, a sound diet, a lot of rest, and suitable stress management. Find innovative approaches to work out. Tune in to your body. Try not to juxtapose yourself with others (or to your past self). Eat well to improve vitality and energy.
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Indian culture is one of most dynamic societies on the planet, with rural culture framing its spine. A few people tend to casually throw rural & urban culture into a single hierarchical structure, which is inaccurate. The urban culture might be utilitarian to a mechanical setting. So is the rustic culture to the setting of rural advancement. As a matter of fact, innovation is quickly changing our ways of life, and one needs to factor in the effect of this change on rural India too, particularly in the domain of rural education.
Education and culture are indivisible but reciprocal with various places of connection. Culture makes ready for education, whereas education is in charge of seasoning the social qualities throughout everyday life. As such, both must be intertwined in different ways.
Education established on solid social qualities will enable students to comprehend and recognize the noteworthiness of culture in the advancement setting. Without culture, it will just fill in as a flight to lack of clarity. When one uses the statement ‘education based on culture’, what it implies is that if education has to fill in as a means for improvement, particularly in the village regions, at that point it needs to separate the best of our qualities that have stood the trial of time notwithstanding difficulties extending from oppression to imperialism/colonialism or different turbulences and drive ourselves onto the way of comprehensive advancement.
Clearly the improvement of a country relies on how much its rural parts have been assembled to add to the general development. While material development is apparent among numerous countries, the social profit is horribly absent. A few societies have been lost to remake their history, getting odds and ends of their social legacy what small amount can be followed with a specific end goal to restore a portion of their societies. Along these lines, as should be obvious, despite the fact that there is rural improvement, cultural pedigree tends to be regularly absent.
While the western-culture has relatively shadowed our social practices urban communities and towns, one value based framework still seems to be sustaining provincial India & its hinterlands. This should be safeguarded and engendered. Also, to have the capacity to do that, all endeavours must be placed in to guarantee that villagers and aboriginals remain in the rural zones, which may be conceivable in the event that we can convey to them what they look for from the urban regions: access to appropriate education, support & training and employment just like their urban counterparts.
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When living with a disability, one of the most common barriers to success faced by children and youth is feeling excluded at school. Students may be treated differently in the classroom, by their teachers and their peers, and may feel like they are not part of a whole. This could happen unintentionally or due to a lack of understanding. Following these simple tips can solve the problem and create a more inclusive environment at school:
1. Don’t assume
TIP: Never make assumptions about what a student can/cannot do. What you see is not always what you get. It is more important to understand a situation by asking questions and educating yourself rather than by making assumptions.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: I have abilities and would like to have the opportunity to use those abilities to learn just like other students. Please see me first as a person, then see my disability, not the other way around.
2. Always communicate
TIP: The best way to be sure of anything is through good communication. This means communicating with students about their needs and feelings, communicating with parents about any situation and their expectations, and articulating your own experiences as well. Take the guesswork out of it.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: I have feelings too and in most cases I am able to share those feelings in one way or another. If you want to know how I feel or how I am doing, just ask!
3. Take the time to listen
TIP: The best way to communicate and understand is to listen. Parents are a child’s greatest advocate and can provide specific strategies for the individual needs of their child. Asking questions is important, but without listening closely to the answers, there is no real value. Listen with your heart, not your head. What you feel is the right thing, usually is.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: Sometimes I feel like I’m being ignored. No matter how hard I try to say or show what I am feeling or experiencing, it is like no one is listening. How am I supposed to feel included if I am being ignored?
4. Empathy is key
TIP: Look at things from the student’s perspective. Be compassionate, caring and understanding of others’ feelings and experiences. Try to put yourself in their shoes. Ask yourself how you would feel, or what you would want in a similar situation.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: I do not feel sorry for myself, so why should you feel sorry for me? Taking pity on me only makes me feel worse and more isolated. It is more helpful when you try to understand what I am going through. Consider the room’s arrangement: can everyone move around? Do I have the same access as others?
5. Do not categorize
TIP: When working with students, it is often easier to categorize than to spend the time and treat everyone as an individual. However, everyone has their own abilities and disabilities. To create an inclusive classroom, take the time to identify the individual needs of all students.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: Just because I am different, it does not mean I am the same as everyone else who is. We each have our own personalities, strengths and weaknesses. If you take the time to learn about me as an individual, I am more likely to succeed.
6. Be an enabler
TIP: Where there is a will, there is a way. If a child wants to skydive, there has got to be a way to make it happen! And even if there is not, it is your responsibility to at least try. Take the word “no” out of your vocabulary and replace it with the attitude that anything is possible. It’s contagious.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: I have hopes and I have dreams but my motivations can quickly disappear with one simple word: no. When I hear the word yes, I feel stronger, happier and more empowered.
7. Plan for accessibility
TIP: True inclusion is not just placing students with disabilities in the classroom. It means that all students are learning in a respectful environment. Are group activities and peer interactions set up in a way that is mutually respectful? Do not let students with disabilities be an afterthought when planning lessons and activities. Make them an equal part in the process.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: Just because I am here it does not mean I am always being included. Think about me and others with disabilities in everything you do or plan. We are here all the time but we do not always feel like we are being included.
8. Be supportive
TIP: Things are not always going to be easy for you, the students or the parents. The best way you can handle a situation is to be supportive. Come to the table with a solutions-based approach and a positive attitude.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: Remember, I am a child first and a student second. Sometimes I just need a helping hand and some support like everyone else. Positivity and encouragement inspire me and confirm my ability to achieve success.
9. Teach inclusion to everyone
TIP: Transform perspectives by educating your students about accessibility and inclusion and modelling successful inclusion. If you have questions about disability, accessibility and inclusion, chances are others in the classroom will too. Incorporate equity, inclusion and accessibility through all classroom communication and activities will generate a more accepting atmosphere as a result.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: My peers often look at me differently not because they do not care but because they do not understand. You and I may get it, but not everyone else knows what it is like to live with a disability – especially at school. Educating them about it is as important as including me.
10. Treat everyone equally
TIP: It is the golden rule to treat others the same way you want to be treated. This is not only true for students with disabilities but for everyone in the classroom, at school, and in society. Treating everyone equally, giving equal opportunity and remove undue barriers also removes impediments to success and achievement.
STUDENT PERSPECTIVE: I want to be treated like everyone else. I may need some accommodations at times to meet my needs, but mostly I want to be part of what everyone is doing. I can be encouraged to grow and to be my best, just like any other student. And I can do great things. Everyone can.
At present, India is one of the fastest growing economies in Asia as well as the world. In the last few years, it has made great progress in a number of different fields and also established itself as a seat of opportunities in the international market. All that sounds very good. But how far ahead has our country managed to traverse in terms of education? Well, educational institutions in the urban areas are offering even better facilities than before. However, contrastingly, their rural counterparts aren’t doing very well. And one of the major reasons behind their underperformance is language barrier problem. Many people might disagree with this and say that quality of the instructing teachers is what matters the most. Well, that’s also true to some extent, but language barrier stands as a greater impedance to better rural education in India.
In most schools of Indian villages, vernacular languages are more popular as instruction media instead of English. But the nature of resources and job markets make it mandatory for everyone to have at least basic level knowledge in English. And increasing interaction of Indian economy with the global market would only continue to accentuate the importance of English.
As such, now more than ever, there is an urgent need for equipping our rural children with English alongside other vernacular mediums so that they don’t lag behind when exposing themselves to national as well as international job opportunities. There is just a small challenge that has to be addressed for making this happen, however, and that is, making quality teachers as well as textbooks available for the rural schools.
First of all, usage of the English dialect has to be encouraged and also increased, in addition to making efforts for designing evaluations in a manner that allows students to learn vernacular & their translations in English effectively. In this way, the effort invested by the students for remembering technical terms would be substantial, no matter what language they are in.
Furthermore, for eliminating the language barrier, government and non-government bodies can introduce adjustments within textbooks written in English. This would help students to have a better grasp of whatever they learn in class, irrespective of the quality of learning.
Navigational ease for comprehension of English will establish a dynamic foundation for creation of equal opportunities for everyone and also help our country to progress as a whole.
Is it enough to provide jobs, skills and training to a generation of rural men and women instead of focusing on equal opportunities for their children?
It has been seen that in rural India, despite of the rapid economic growth, the inhabitants do not get equal opportunities compared to those born in urban India. One of the most common examples is the former president of India, Mr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, who came from such a background and became the chief of DRDO and also the honour to be the first citizenship of India. But what about his friends, relatives or neighbours from his native village? The people of India never look at those who are left behind.
Everything we do is for our tummy. Thus, it all starts with food-sufficiency. It is often said “bhookhe pait bhajan na hoye”, which translates to food in adequate quantities is necessary before pursuing something. Remember, there is a big difference surviving and thriving.
This means addressing hunger and poverty must be the first priority. Taking this into consideration naturally uplifts health, nutrition and education. Social progress in terms of gender, family relationships and caste can also be developed. In the recent times, cash has been flowing increasingly but that is not enough. There are still some places which experience child malnourishment, maternal and infant mortality. Rural citizens have lesser decision making powers and almost no control over their own assets.
Education plays the key role
Access and quality of education is the major concern in rural schools as there are fewer committed teachers, lack of proper informative books and learning materials. This is why, an initiative has been taken by some of the non-profit organisations in India to provide appropriate rural education.
These organisations are mainly operated by NGOs and thus, majority of people living in villages have understood the importance of education. It is also clear to them that education is the only way to get rid of poverty. Today, people are not dependent only on government schools, as acquiring education has become a lot easier. Even the number of teachers has increased, that too with a commitment. Education for rural children in India has never been so easier with the help of such non profit organisations.
When it comes to rural India, urban citizens must not underestimate them and in general, it has been seen that villagers too give a tough fight in all aspects of the urban world.